The movement of the philosophy of the illustration

in OCDlast month (edited)

800px-Salon_de_Madame_Geoffrin.jpgPintura de Charles Gabriel Lemonnier que representa la lectura de una tragedia de Voltaire, Wikipedia, Artist: Anicet Charles Gabriel Lemonnier
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In this opportunity I want to share how important the ideological movement of the illustration was, for the moment of the history the XVIIIth was very emblematic as part of the sigo of the reason, in the frame of big I philosophize of this part dela history, inside his hypothesis or movement of the thought they were supporting that the human knowledge could fight the ignorance, another way of seeing the superstition embarked by the tyranny. Additional to these important aspects also the economic models, it determines to the social classes for the bourgeoisie making possible of other classes promoting his form and intellectual style on.

There overcame the work of Montesquieu and Voltaire in the struggle for the freedom and the equality like part of the human rights, Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) source image of mastery of Wikimedia Commons, Artist: Maurice Quentin de La Tour (1704-1788), Control of authorities wikidata:Q18783185: Q18783185Joconde: 07930000144

what wants this current is to make clear, that the idea of the man as a proprietor of his historical destination, be fixed in the following thing, by means of the Enlightenment it serves as base for revolution of the knowledge, where it stimulates science with his methods they are the bases of the progress or new future across way illustrated, as encyclopedias and other volumes of intellectual way, up to the point of tackling the art as a way of social gypsy where every artists it took the knowledge as a power.

The Spanish doctor Diego Mateo Zapata wrote in 1690, before of the same one turned the cartesianismo, begging him to the cohorts of Cartesian and malebranchistas that were besieging every citadel of the traditional knowledge in Spain that was desisting, encouraging them of that not only the science and the recognized philosophy were in game, but also, ultimately, the credence of the peoples, the authority of the church and the Inquisition, the bases same of the Spanish society.
Information consulted in The radical Enlightenment: The philosophy and the construction of the modernity ... for Jonathan I. Israel, 2017.

On the subject of The state a very accented critique was tackled by Montesquieu, where the power of this one should be separated, legislature and the judicial one, taken previously by the absolutism, other big thinkers of the Enlightenment there was to do figure of the ideas of Blaise Pascal, Gottfried Leibniz, Galileo Galilei, now well what you want was to distinguish the sovereignty and the social freedom, where the ground was the source of the wealth, giving him the birth the current of the fisiocracias, on the piece of news base of the model economic during this philosophical current.

Hegel links the illustration to the modern process that prioritizes the rational reflection of the thinking human subject, but he criticizes his abstraction, the unilateralidad and the analytical coldness, dicotomizadora and that ” hardens the differences ”, this is what prevents Hegel thinks, any conciliation or dialectical synthesis and that it takes as an inevitable consequence the violence of the French revolution.
Information consulted in The illustration and The human rights by Gonçal Mayos, José Vicente Mestre Chust, 2007.

The illustration does everything possible where the reason is that the history has a sense for the man as part of his existence and precedents, it is by it that it was given him more felt to the position of the rationalism as footpath to demonstrate the existence of a supreme being, even if philosophers as Voltaire and Jean-Jacques Rousseau it questions the will and the essence of the church and the state, to have a clear idea on this affirmation, as the historical moment that the religion emphasized the laws regalista, which they managed to submit the ecclesiastic power to the crown of José II of Austria, since inside the illustration also was treating the liberation of the commerce that was under a bourgeois interventionism.

On the subject of the education one saw reflected big advances, since in the field of to science it takes the experimental doctrine, in order to look for the logic subject to the reason and that at the same time contains an interest of development for the nation, it are where this type of thought has sense, since it expanded thanks to new means of publication and diffusion, with the only end of exhibiting and of debating about science, philosophy, politics, literature, it is necessary to be known that the rationalist ideology of the illustration constituted the sustenance for absolutist said it about this form, the judgment on models intervencionista, as a way of a philosophy reformist.


[1] - The illustration and The human rights for Gonçal Mayos, José Vicente Mestre Chust, 2007.

[2] - The radical Enlightenment: The philosophy and the construction of the modernity ... for Jonathan I. Israel, 2017.